Document Detail


Mass selection for increased 70-day weight in a closed line of Landrace pigs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2401649     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Mass selection for increased weight at 70 d of age was practiced for six generations in a line of Landrace pigs. It was desired to have the next generation sired by the heaviest nine boars and out of the heaviest 27 gilts. A contemporaneous, randomly selected (by pedigree) control line was maintained in which the next generation was sired by five boars and out of 10 gilts. Inbreeding coefficients were .208 and .214 for the selected and control line litters and .177 and .189 for the selected and control line dams in the sixth generation, respectively. A total of 1,906 pigs was farrowed with 70-d weights collected on 1,267 pigs. These pigs were sired by 88 boars and out of 190 gilts. The generation interval was 13 mo. Six traits were studied: birth, 21-d, 35-d and 70-d weights and preweaning (from birth to 35 d) and postweaning (from 35 to 70 d) daily gains. Direct and correlated responses per generation and per weighted cumulative selection differential (WCSD) were estimated. Total WCSD for 70-d weight was 30.3 kg. This corresponds to a standardized WCSD of 6.11 phenotypic standard deviations. The response per generation for 70-d weight was .65 +/- .29 kg. The realized heritability for 70-d weight was .13 +/- .06. Nearly all the increased weight at 70 d was the result of more rapid growth in the postweaning period, with little difference in growth in the preweaning period; birth, 21-d and 35-d weights and preweaning daily gains remained unchanged by selection for 70-d weight.
Authors:
D L Kuhlers; S B Jungst
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of animal science     Volume:  68     ISSN:  0021-8812     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Anim. Sci.     Publication Date:  1990 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-10-23     Completed Date:  1990-10-23     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003002     Medline TA:  J Anim Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2271-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Auburn University, AL 36849-5415.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Birth Weight
Body Weight*
Breeding*
Female
Inbreeding
Least-Squares Analysis
Male
Regression Analysis
Swine / genetics,  growth & development*
Weaning
Weight Gain

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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