Document Detail

Mass hysteria in an Arab culture.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9483458     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In this report we describe the circumstances surrounding an outbreak of mass hysteria among first year female university students. The outbreak was precipitated by a state of panic over the possibility of a fire which turned out to be harmless fumes from a locally used burning perfume. Twenty-three cases presented to the emergency room with symptoms of respiratory distress associated with marked emotional reactions. The outbreak was controlled by separating the patients, and the lack of media coverage facilitated this process. Cases with persistent and severe symptoms were those having physical and psychological problems prior to the occurrence of the outbreak. Individual vulnerability factors deserve special consideration in the management of mass hysteria since they are likely to influence the response to treatment.
Y Amin; E Hamdi; V Eapen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The International journal of social psychiatry     Volume:  43     ISSN:  0020-7640     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Soc Psychiatry     Publication Date:  1997  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-04-06     Completed Date:  1998-04-06     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374726     Medline TA:  Int J Soc Psychiatry     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  303-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Al-Ain Hospital, Ministry of Health, UAE.
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MeSH Terms
Disease Outbreaks / statistics & numerical data*
Hysteria / epidemiology*
Stress, Psychological / epidemiology,  psychology
Students / psychology
United Arab Emirates / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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