Document Detail


The Martian and extraterrestrial UV radiation environment. Part II: further considerations on materials and design criteria for artificial ecosystems.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11757578     Owner:  NASA     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Ultraviolet radiation is an important natural physical influence on organism function and ecosystem interactions. The UV radiation fluxes in extraterrestrial environments are substantially different from those experienced on Earth. On Mars, the moon and in Earth orbit they are more biologically detrimental than on Earth. Based on previously presented fluxes and biologically weighted irradiances, this paper considers in more detail measures to mitigate UV radiation damage and methods to modify extraterrestrial UV radiation environments in artificial ecosystems that use natural sunlight. The transmission characteristics of a Martian material that will mimic the terrestrial UV radiation environment are presented. Transmissivity characteristics of other Martian and lunar materials are described. Manufacturing processes for the production of plastics and glass on the lunar and Martian surface are presented with special emphasis on photobiological requirements. Novel UV absorbing configurations are suggested.
Authors:
C S Cockell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta astronautica     Volume:  49     ISSN:  0094-5765     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Astronaut     Publication Date:  2001 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-12-05     Completed Date:  2002-02-07     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9890631     Medline TA:  Acta Astronaut     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  631-40     Citation Subset:  S    
Copyright Information:
c 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge, UK. csco@bas.ac.uk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Ecological Systems, Closed*
Environment, Controlled
Extraterrestrial Environment*
Facility Design and Construction
Glass
Humans
Life Support Systems
Mars*
Moon
Plants / radiation effects
Plastics
Radiation Protection / methods*
Ultraviolet Rays*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Plastics

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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