Document Detail

Markers for monitoring overtraining and recovery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7898325     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Physiological and mood state parameters were monitored during a 6-month swimming season in an attempt to determine markers of overtraining and recovery. Fourteen elite male and female swimmers were tested early-, mid-, and late-season and shortly before and after major competition. Training details and subjective ratings of well-being were compiled by the athletes in daily logs. Three swimmers were classified as stale based upon performance deterioration and prolonged, high fatigue levels. Staleness scores were calculated for each athlete using performance change from early- to late-season and daily fatigue ratings for the season. Regression analysis revealed a battery of well-being ratings which predicted staleness scores, accounting for 76% of the variance. The late-season stress ratings and plasma catecholamine levels at rest predicted staleness scores, accounting for 85% of the variance. During tapering, well-being ratings predicted improvement in competitive performance, accounting for 72% of the variance of the improvement in race times from previous best times. It was concluded that self-reported ratings of well-being may provide an efficient means of monitoring both overtraining and recovery; plasma catecholamine levels at rest may provide an additional objective tool for diagnosis.
S L Hooper; L T Mackinnon; A Howard; R D Gordon; A W Bachmann
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0195-9131     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  1995 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-04-27     Completed Date:  1995-04-27     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  106-12     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Department of Human Movement Studies, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Affect / physiology
Biological Markers / blood*
Epinephrine / blood
Fatigue / blood,  physiopathology
Leukocyte Count
Neutrophils / cytology
Norepinephrine / blood
Psychomotor Performance / physiology*
Regression Analysis
Self Assessment (Psychology)
Sleep / physiology
Stress, Physiological / blood,  physiopathology
Stress, Psychological / blood,  physiopathology*
Swimming / physiology*,  psychology*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Biological Markers; 51-41-2/Norepinephrine; 51-43-4/Epinephrine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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