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Marked resistance of femoral adipose tissue blood flow and lipolysis to adrenaline in vivo.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22898765     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Fatty acid entrapment in femoral adipose tissue has been proposed to prevent ectopic fat deposition and visceral fat accumulation, resulting in protection from insulin resistance. Our objective was to test the hypothesis of femoral, compared with abdominal, adipose tissue resistance to adrenergic stimulation in vivo as a possible mechanism. METHODS: Regional fatty acid trafficking, along with the measurement of adipose tissue blood flow (ATBF) with (133)Xe washout, was studied with the arteriovenous difference technique and stable isotope tracers in healthy volunteers. Adrenergic agonists (isoprenaline, adrenaline [epinephrine]) were infused either locally by microinfusion or systemically. Local microinfusion of adrenoceptor antagonists (propranolol, phentolamine) was used to characterise specific adrenoceptor subtype effects in vivo. RESULTS: Femoral adipose tissue NEFA release and ATBF were lower during adrenaline stimulation than in abdominal tissue (p < 0.001). Mechanistically, femoral adipose tissue displayed a dominant α-adrenergic response during adrenaline stimulation. The α-adrenoceptor blocker, phentolamine, resulted in the 'disinhibition' of the femoral ATBF response to adrenaline (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: Fatty acids, once stored in femoral adipose tissue, are not readily released upon adrenergic stimulation. Femoral adipose tissue resistance to adrenaline may contribute to the prevention of ectopic fatty acid deposition.
Authors:
K N Manolopoulos; F Karpe; K N Frayn
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Diabetologia     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-0428     ISO Abbreviation:  Diabetologia     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0006777     Medline TA:  Diabetologia     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Oxford Centre for Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK, k.manolopoulos@bham.ac.uk.
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