Document Detail


Marital status: association with social and economic circumstances, psychological state and outcomes of pregnancy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1599738     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We examined the association of marital status with economic, social and psychological factors and with the outcomes of pregnancy (defined as onset of labour, type of delivery, live and still births and birthweight). The study population was 1431 white women consecutively booking for antenatal care. Birth registrations were inspected. Of 278 women who were unmarried during pregnancy, 61 per cent were cohabiting, 26 per cent were living with adults other than the father and 13 per cent were living alone. Compared with the married women, unmarried women overall were, on average, younger, less educated, of lower social class, in poorer economic circumstances, more dependent on state support and less satisfied with their living arrangements. Irrespective of age and social class, they were less likely to have planned the pregnancy, more likely to smoke and drink, to book later for antenatal care and to miss more appointments. In general, unmarried women were more likely to have some indication of depression and to experience more serious life events during the pregnancy. Controlling for age and social class, the categories 'married', 'cohabiting' and 'on their own' showed significant trends from best to worst. Those living with adults other than the father showed intermediate results. There were no significant effects of marital status, controlled for age and social class, and associated social, economic and psychological circumstances on outcomes of pregnancy. Forty-one per cent of births to women on their own, 35 per cent to women living with other adults and 11 per cent to women cohabiting during pregnancy were registered by only one parent.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
The authors examined the association of marital status with economic, social, and psychological factors and with the outcomes of pregnancy (defined as onset of labor, type of delivery, live and stillbirths, and birthweight). The study population comprised 1431 white women who were consecutively booked for antenatal care. Birth registrations were inspected. Of 278 women who were unmarried during pregnancy, 61% were cohabiting, 26% were living with adults other than the father, and 13% were living alone. Compared with the married women, unmarried women overall were, on the average, younger, less educated, of lower social class, in poorer economic circumstances, more dependent on state support, and were less satisfied with their living arrangements. Regardless of age and social class, they were less likely to have planned the pregnancy, were more likely to smoke and drink, to book later for antenatal care, and to miss more appointments. In general, unmarried women were more likely to have some indication of depression and to experience more serious life events during the pregnancy. Controlling for age and social class, the categories "married", "cohabiting", and "on their own" showed significant trends from best to worst. Those living with other adults other than the father showed intermediate results. There were no significant effects of marital status controlled for age and social class, and associated social, economic, and psychological circumstances on pregnancy outcomes. 41% of births to women on their own, 35% to women living with other adults, and 11% to women cohabiting during pregnancy were registered by only 1 parent. It is possible that a continuation of the poor quality of life observed among unmarried women during pregnancy could affect the later wellbeing of their children.
Authors:
L D MacDonald; J L Peacock; H R Anderson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of public health medicine     Volume:  14     ISSN:  0957-4832     ISO Abbreviation:  J Public Health Med     Publication Date:  1992 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-07-16     Completed Date:  1992-07-16     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9011205     Medline TA:  J Public Health Med     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  26-34     Citation Subset:  IM; J    
Affiliation:
Department of Public Health Sciences, St George's Hospital Medical School, London.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Birth Certificates
Educational Status
Female
Humans
Infant, Newborn
London
Marriage / psychology*
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Outcome / psychology*
Social Class
Social Environment

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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