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Marine Snake Epibiosis: A Review and First Report of Decapods Associated with Pelamis platurus.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22505588     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Under circumstances in which area for settlement is limited, the colonization of living substrata may become a highly valuable strategy for survival of marine invertebrates. This phenomenon, termed epibiosis, results in spatially close associations between two or more living organisms. Pelamis platurus, the yellow-bellied sea snake, is the only exclusively pelagic marine snake and its propensity for foraging along ocean slicks facilitates its colonization by pelagic epibionts. Herein, we report epibionts associated with P. platurus inhabiting the waters off the northwestern Pacific coast of Costa Rica. These associations include the first records of decapod epibionts from any marine snake. Decapod epibionts were found on 18.9% of P. platurus, and size of snake (total length) had a significant positive effect on the frequency and intensity of epibiosis. We discuss the spatial and ecological mechanisms that facilitate these interactions, as well as the suite of factors that either promote or deter epibiosis and ultimately dictate the frequency and intensity of these interactions. Finally, we provide a review of marine snake epibiosis. The intention of this review is to (1) provide contemporary researchers with a single, accessible reference to all known reports of epibionts associated with marine snakes and (2) discuss what is currently known with respect to diversity of epibionts from marine snakes.
Authors:
Joseph B Pfaller; Michael G Frick; François Brischoux; Coleman M Sheehy; Harvey B Lillywhite
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Integrative and comparative biology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1557-7023     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101152341     Medline TA:  Integr Comp Biol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
*Archie Carr Center for Sea Turtle Research, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA; Department of Biology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA; CEBC-CNRS, 79360 Villiers en Bois, France; Amphibian and Reptile Diversity Research Center, Department of Biology, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX 76019, USA.
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