Document Detail


Marine protected area management in South Africa: new policies, old paradigms.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20449745     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A historical perspective on MPA identification and governance in South Africa reflects the continued influence of a top-down and natural science-based paradigm, that has hardly changed over the past half century, despite the wealth of literature, and a growing consensus, that advocates the need to adopt a more integrated and human-centered approach. Based on extensive research in two coastal fishing communities, the paper highlights impacts and conflicts arising from this conventional approach to MPA identification, planning and management. It argues that failure to understand the particular fishery system in all its complexity, in particular the human dimensions, and involve resource users in planning and decision-making processes, undermines efforts to achieve conservation and fisheries management objectives. The customary rights of local resource users, and their food and livelihood needs in relation to marine resources, need to be acknowledged, prioritized and integrated into planning and decision-making processes. Convincing ecologists, fisheries scientists and managers, that MPA success depends on addressing the root causes of resource decline and incorporating social factors into MPA identification, planning and management, remains a huge challenge in South Africa.
Authors:
Merle Sowman; Maria Hauck; Lance van Sittert; Jackie Sunde
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-05-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental management     Volume:  47     ISSN:  1432-1009     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ Manage     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-04-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7703893     Medline TA:  Environ Manage     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  573-83     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Environmental Evaluation Unit, Department of Environmental and Geographical Science, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, Cape Town, 7701, South Africa, Merle.Sowman@uct.ac.za.
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