Document Detail


Marijuana and other drug use among automobile and motorcycle drivers treated at a trauma center.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7718074     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Serum from injured automobile and motorcycle drivers treated at a trauma center was tested for delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol activity to determine precrash marijuana use. From June 1990 to March 1991, samples from approximately 20 automobile drivers per month and all motorcycle drivers were available for testing. Also, toxicology screens were performed for ethyl alcohol, cocaine, and phencyclidine (PCP) among the driver groups. Six (2.7%) of the 225 automobile (AUT) drivers and 34 (32.0%) of the 106 motorcycle (MTC) drivers were THC+ (p < .001). Compared with a prior study, the THC+ rate decreased significantly from 31.8% among AUT drivers (p < .001) but had not changed significantly from the 38.6% rate among MTC drivers. Positive toxicology rates were higher among the 261 MTC drivers compared to the 1,077 AUT drivers tested for ETOH, CO, and PCP, being 47.1% vs 35.2% (p < .001), 5.0% vs 8.0% (p < .08), and 1.5% vs 3.1% (NS), respectively.
Authors:
C A Soderstrom; P C Dischinger; T J Kerns; A L Trifillis
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Accident; analysis and prevention     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0001-4575     ISO Abbreviation:  Accid Anal Prev     Publication Date:  1995 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-05-25     Completed Date:  1995-05-25     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254476     Medline TA:  Accid Anal Prev     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  131-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Surgery, R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center, University of Maryland Medical Center, Baltimore 21201-1595, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Accidents, Traffic* / statistics & numerical data
Adolescent
Adult
Automobile Driving* / statistics & numerical data
Cannabis*
Cocaine
Humans
Maryland / epidemiology
Motorcycles*
Phencyclidine
Substance-Related Disorders* / epidemiology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
50-36-2/Cocaine; 77-10-1/Phencyclidine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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