Document Detail

Margaret Sanger: birth control's successful revolutionary.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6992603     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The year 1979 marked the centennial of Margaret Sanger, birth control pioneer. Sanger worked to secure two new human rights: the right to decide whether to have a child and the right of a child to be wanted. Beginning in 1873, antipornography crusader Anthony Comstock lobbied through Congress and the state legislatures laws forbidding the distribution of contraceptive devices and even information. He equated these with erotic postcards as "obscene, lewd, lascivious, filthy, indecent and disgusting." Sanger's strategy was to challenge the Comstock laws in the courts. She studied birth control methods abroad and published a pamphlet, Family Limitation, in 1914. It was the first modern marriage manual; it was also illegal. The publicity her trial generated was immense and highly sympathetic. The government dropped its case when it saw it could only make her a martyr. An obstetrical nurse, Sanger had seen the plight of factory women in the poorest sections of New York City. In order to provide the medical advice and supplies women clamored for, Sanger opened the first U.S. birth control clinic, in Brooklyn in 1916. The New York City Vice Squad raided and closed it, and jailed Sanger. Margaret Sanger underwent other trials, raids, and harassments, but each time won additional public support for her organization--Planned Parenthood--and her cause.
D Wardell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Biography; Historical Article; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of public health     Volume:  70     ISSN:  0090-0036     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Public Health     Publication Date:  1980 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1980-08-28     Completed Date:  1980-08-28     Revised Date:  2008-11-20    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254074     Medline TA:  Am J Public Health     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  736-42     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM; Q    
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MeSH Terms
Contraception / history*
Family Planning Services / history*
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
History, 19th Century
History, 20th Century
Legislation as Topic
United States
Personal Name Subject
Personal Name Subject:
M Sanger

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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