Document Detail

Mapping of Superficial Extremity Veins: Normal Diameters and Trends in a Vascular Patient-Population.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22230131     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Ultrasonic measurement of superficial extremity veins is a common procedure. To establish normal values for vein-size in a population of vascular patients and to assess if measurements remain unchanged over time, we analyzed a database with results of 28,130 measurements in 2420 separate saphenous and 3206 cephalic veins. Mean size of the great saphenous vein ranges from 2.3 mm to 4.4 mm but did not follow a tapering pattern as is often assumed. The distal calf segment is smaller than the ankle segment. The mean cephalic vein size in the upper arm (2.4 mm) was smaller than at the antecubital level (2.7 mm). A decrease in vein diameter over time was noted in many locations and this reached statistical significance (p < 0.005 for the thigh segment). The clinical significance of this is a need to repeat ultrasonic vein-mapping if more than a year elapses between ultrasound and surgical vein harvest.
Dan E Spivack; Patrick Kelly; John P Gaughan; Paul S van Bemmelen
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ultrasound in medicine & biology     Volume:  38     ISSN:  1879-291X     ISO Abbreviation:  Ultrasound Med Biol     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-01-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0410553     Medline TA:  Ultrasound Med Biol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  190-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Surgery, Section of Vascular Surgery, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
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