Document Detail


Manure odor potential and Escherichia coli concentrations in manure slurries of feedlot steers fed 40% corn wet distillers grains.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20830936     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study evaluated feeding 0 and 40% wet distillers grains with solubles (WDGS) diets to cattle and the effects on feedlot manure collected from soil-based pens and incubated for 28 d. Steers (n = 603; 261 +/- 32 kg) were fed in eight pens (15 x 150 m) of 75 to 77 steers per pen. Two consecutive experiments were conducted with WDGS--one in which the corn source fed with WDGS was high-moisture and one in which WDGS was fed with dry-rolled corn. We compared odorants (volatile fatty acids [VFAs], aromatic compounds, NH3, H2S) and persistence of Escherichia coli in feedlot manure slurries stored from 0 to 28 d. From both experiments, manure collected from cattle fed 40% WDGS had lower (P < 0.05) total VFAs, including acetate, propionate, and butyrate, all of which continued to be lower to 28 d. However, these slurries had greater concentrations (P < 0.05) of branched-chained VFAs (isobutyrate and isovalerate), especially after 14 d of incubations. Similarly, p-cresol and skatole concentrations tended to be greater in slurries originating from 40% WDGS diets and increased with incubation time. Indole was initially greater in the slurries from 40% WDGS diets; however, it was metabolized by microbes during incubation. Manure slurries from the 40% WDGS diets had greater quantities of H2S, NH3, and P (P < 0.05). Levels of E. coli in 0 and 40% WDGS manure slurries were similar when high-moisture corn was used in the diets. However, when dry-rolled corn was used, E. coli persisted longer in 40% WDGS manure slurries in comparison to 0% WDGS. Results here support earlier studies that suggest feeding WDGS increases odor emissions, N loss, E. coli survival, and surface water contamination due to greater potential P runoff.
Authors:
Vincent H Varel; James E Wells; Elaine D Berry; Dan N Miller
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of environmental quality     Volume:  39     ISSN:  0047-2425     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Environ. Qual.     Publication Date:    2010 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-13     Completed Date:  2010-10-18     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0330666     Medline TA:  J Environ Qual     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1498-506     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
USDA-ARS, U.S. Meat Animal Research Center, P.O. Box 166, Clay Center, NE 68933-0166, USA. Vince.Varel@ars.usda.gov
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animal Feed / analysis*
Animals
Cattle
Colony Count, Microbial
Diet / veterinary
Escherichia coli / physiology*
Male
Manure / analysis*,  microbiology*
Odors*
Waste Disposal, Fluid*
Zea mays
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Manure

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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