Document Detail

Manual removal of the placenta and postcesarean endometritis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11883347     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To determine if manual vs. spontaneous delivery of the placenta at cesarean section affects the rate of postoperative endometritis and amount of blood loss. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, randomized study was carried out on patients who had cesarean delivery assigned either to spontaneous delivery of the placenta (group 1) or manual removal (group 2). We excluded patients undergoing emergency cesareans and those with possible placenta accreta or evidence of preexisting infection. Outcome measures (frequency of endometritis and quantitative decrease in hemoglobin) were compared for the two groups. RESULTS: Study criteria were met for 375 subjects: 177 in group 1 and 198 in group 2. Endometritis was diagnosed in 1.7% of the former and 2.5% of the latter. The change in hemoglobin, reflecting operative blood loss, was similar in both groups (-1.81 and -1.72 g/dL, respectively). CONCLUSION: We found no significant difference in either postoperative endometritis or blood loss regardless of the means used to effect delivery of the placenta. The frequency of febrile morbidity in our study cases was considerably lower than heretofore reported.
Prasanta Chandra; Henry J Schiavello; Jennifer E Kluge; Shannon L Holloway
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of reproductive medicine     Volume:  47     ISSN:  0024-7758     ISO Abbreviation:  J Reprod Med     Publication Date:  2002 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-03-08     Completed Date:  2002-07-31     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0173343     Medline TA:  J Reprod Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  101-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wyckoff Heights Medical Center, 374 Stockholm Street, Brooklyn, NY 11237, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Loss, Surgical
Cesarean Section / adverse effects*,  methods*
Endometritis / etiology*
Prospective Studies
Risk Factors
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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