Document Detail


Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) mutants are susceptible to matrix metalloproteinase proteolysis: potential role in human MBL deficiency.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11891230     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) plays a critical role in innate immunity. Point mutations in the collagen-like domain (R32C, G34D, or G37E) of MBL cause a serum deficiency, predisposing patients to infections and diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis. We examined whether MBL mutants show enhanced susceptibility to proteolysis by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), which are important mediators in inflammatory tissue destruction. Human and rat MBL were resistant to proteolysis in the native state but were cleaved selectively within the collagen-like domain by multiple MMPs after heat denaturation. In contrast, rat MBL with mutations homologous to those of the human variants (R23C, G25D, or G28E) was cleaved efficiently without denaturation in the collagen-like domain by MMP-2 and MMP-9 (gelatinases A and B) and MMP-14 (membrane type-1 MMP), as well as by MMP-1 (collagenase-1), MMP-8 (neutrophil collagenase), MMP-3 (stromelysin-1), neutrophil elastase, and bacterial collagenase. Sites and order of cleavage of the rat MBL mutants for MMP-2 and MMP-9 were: Gly(45)-Lys(46) --> Gly(51)-Ser(52) --> Gly(63)-Gln(64) --> Asn(80)-Met(81) which differed from that of MMP-14, Gly(39)-Leu(40) --> Asn(80)-Met(81), revealing that the MMPs were not functionally interchangeable. These sites were homologous to those cleaved in denatured human MBL. Hence, perturbation of the collagen-like structure of MBL by natural mutations or by denaturation renders MBL susceptible to MMP cleavage. MMPs are likely to contribute to MBL deficiency in individuals with variant alleles and may also be involved in clearance of MBL and modulation of the host response in normal individuals.
Authors:
Georgina S Butler; Derek Sim; Eric Tam; Dana Devine; Christopher M Overall
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2002-03-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of biological chemistry     Volume:  277     ISSN:  0021-9258     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Biol. Chem.     Publication Date:  2002 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-05-13     Completed Date:  2002-07-16     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985121R     Medline TA:  J Biol Chem     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  17511-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Oral Biological and Medical Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z3, Canada. gsbutler@interchange.ubc.ca
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Amino Acid Sequence
Animals
Carbohydrate Metabolism, Inborn Errors / enzymology*
Carrier Proteins / genetics*,  physiology
Collectins
Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
Humans
Matrix Metalloproteinases / metabolism*
Molecular Sequence Data
Mutation
Rats
Sequence Alignment
Substrate Specificity
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Carrier Proteins; 0/Collectins; EC 3.4.24.-/Matrix Metalloproteinases

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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