Document Detail


Mandatory reporting of "imminent" death to identify organ donors: history, controversy, and potential solutions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14617597     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: To review the history of mandatory reporting for the purpose of identifying potential organ and tissue donors, and the controversy around the terms, "imminent" or "impending" death, and to suggest a solution to this controversy. SOURCE: In this narrative review, published papers were retrieved based on a Medline search using the terms, "mandatory reporting" and "organ donation." In addition, unpublished data from the United Network for Organ Sharing and the Pennsylvania Gift of Life Program were reviewed. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: There has been no demonstrable effect of mandatory reporting of "imminent" death independent of educational activities on numbers of organ donors or organs transplanted. Furthermore, mandatory reporting of "imminent" death does not meet criteria of an acceptable screening test. CONCLUSION: Education of health care providers about eligibility for organ and tissue donation and about whom to report as a potential donor will hopefully lead to identification of more individuals who meet criteria for organ donation and who will go on to donate organs to the many potential recipients.
Authors:
Peter Dodek
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Canadian journal of anaesthesia = Journal canadien d'anesthésie     Volume:  50     ISSN:  0832-610X     ISO Abbreviation:  Can J Anaesth     Publication Date:  2003 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-11-17     Completed Date:  2004-05-10     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8701709     Medline TA:  Can J Anaesth     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  955-60     Citation Subset:  E; IM    
Affiliation:
Program of Critical Care Medicine and Centre for Health Evaluation and Outcome Sciences, St. Paul's Hospital and University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pedodek@interchange.ubc.ca
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Death*
Humans
Mandatory Reporting / ethics*
Tissue Donors / ethics*,  statistics & numerical data
Tissue and Organ Procurement / ethics*,  statistics & numerical data

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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