Document Detail

Management of urinary incontinence in Medicare managed care beneficiaries: results from the 2004 Medicare Health Outcomes Survey.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16717176     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Despite the high prevalence of urinary incontinence (UI) among older persons and the existence of effective treatments, UI remains underreported by patients and underdiagnosed by clinicians. We measured the occurrence of UI problems in Medicare managed care beneficiaries, frequency of physician-patient communication regarding UI, and frequency of UI treatment. METHODS: We used cross-sectional data from the 2004 Medicare Health Outcomes Survey, which measured self-reported UI (accidental leakage of urine) and UI problems in the past 6 months, 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey health measures, discussions of UI with a health care provider, and receipt of UI treatment. RESULTS: The overall incidence of UI within the past 6 months was 37.3%, consistent with previous estimates. Problems with UI were strongly associated with poorer self-reported health. Mean 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey physical and mental health scores were lower by more than 5 points (on a 100-point scale, P<.001) for respondents with major UI problems when controlling for age, sex, race, Hispanic ethnicity, and major comorbidities. These differences were among the largest of any condition measured. Only 55.5% of those with self-reported UI problems reported discussing these problems during their recent visit to a physician or other health care provider. The rate of patient-reported UI treatment was 56.5% and was lower (P<.001) for older individuals (eg, 46.3% for those aged 90-94 years) or those with poor self-reported health status (50.5%). CONCLUSIONS: Among older persons, UI is common, underdiagnosed, and associated with substantial functional impairment. There appears to be considerable opportunity to mitigate the effects of UI on health and quality of life among community-dwelling older persons.
Russell E Mardon; Shaheen Halim; L Gregory Pawlson; Samuel C Haffer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of internal medicine     Volume:  166     ISSN:  0003-9926     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Intern. Med.     Publication Date:  2006 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-05-23     Completed Date:  2006-06-15     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372440     Medline TA:  Arch Intern Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1128-33     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
National Committee for Quality Assurance, Washington, DC, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Cross-Sectional Studies
Managed Care Programs*
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)*
Retrospective Studies
United States / epidemiology
Urinary Incontinence / epidemiology,  therapy*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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