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Management of severe Dupuytren's contracture of the proximal interphalangeal joint with use of a central slip facilitation device.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22357334     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Thirty-eight fingers in 27 patients with Dupuytren's contracture of the proximal interphalangeal joint (PIPJ) in excess of 70° were treated using a staged technique. The first stage involved applying a mini external fixator across the PIPJ for continuous extension over 6 weeks with intensive hand therapy to maintain mobility of the joint and help correct the deformity. Twice weekly during hand therapy sessions the tension of the elastic band across the mini ex-fix was increased, allowing that full active flexion of the PIPJ against the elastic band could still be achieved. The second stage, 4 weeks after the external fixator was applied, involved an open palm technique of fasciectomy for the contracted cords restricting metacarpophalangeal joint movement and dermofasciectomy with full-thickness skin grafting over the proximal phalanx for bands restricting PIPJ movement. The external fixator was used to maintain active extension force until the graft healed. It was generally removed in the outpatient clinic under ring block 2 weeks after the second stage procedure. The patients were followed for a mean of 20.6 (6-48) months. The mean preoperative PIPJ deformity improved from 75° to 37° postoperatively. Overall, 69% of results were rated as good to excellent. Only one patient reported any on-going functional problems. There were eight cases of pin site infections and one case each of loose pins, osteoarthritics at the PIPJ, reflex sympathetic dystrophy, and disease recurrence needing PIPJ fusion. We conclude that our simple staged procedure is a valid alternative in the management of severe Dupuytren's PIPJ contracture.
Authors:
J W White; S N Kang; T Nancoo; D Floyd; S B S Kambhampati; D A McGrouther
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-2-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of hand surgery, European volume     Volume:  -     ISSN:  2043-6289     ISO Abbreviation:  J Hand Surg Eur Vol     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-2-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101315820     Medline TA:  J Hand Surg Eur Vol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Queens Hospital, Romford, Essex, UK.
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