Document Detail

Management of recurrent ischial pressure sore with gracilis muscle flap and V-Y profunda femoris artery perforator-based flap.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18595789     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Inappropriate seating has been implicated as a major contributing factor in ischial pressure-sore recurrence. During their lifetime, paraplegic patients may require several flaps for closure of the same or some other adjacent pressure sore. Despite a wide variety of flap reconstruction options being described, the ischium remains the most difficult pressure-sore site to treat. METHODS: From June 1998 to July 2006, there were 253 pressure-sore patients operated upon at Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital. Ten patients (eight men and two women) suffered from recurrent ischial pressure sores, and all of them received more than one flap reconstruction for the ischial defect. For the treatment of the recurrent ischial pressure sore, gracilis muscle flap and readvancement of the V-Y profunda femoris artery perforator-based flap were used to fill the dead space as well as cover the defect. RESULTS: Among these 10 recurrent ischial pressure-sore patients, six of them had suffered bilateral ischial ulcers. Eight of them had previous sacral pressure sores. In all, 32 flap reconstruction procedures were performed on these 10 patients. Unfortunately, one patient had recurrent grade II bilateral ischial pressure sores after 11 months of ulcer-free period. The other nine patients had no recurrence noted, and enjoyed their lives with an average 27.2 months ulcer-free period (range 9-53 months). CONCLUSIONS: The fasciocutaneous flap provides a higher mechanical resistance than the detached and transposed muscle. However, for the recurrent ischial ulcer patients, readvancement of the perforator-based fasciocutaneous flap alone cannot provide adequate bulk to obliterate the 'dead space' after debridement of the bursa and the surrounding necrotic tissue. By combining the readvancement of V-Y profunda femoris artery perforator-based fasciocutaneous flap and gracilis muscle flap, these recurrent ischial ulcers will heal without complication. Recurrence of ulceration often develops despite successful flap closure. Patients and their relatives have to be educated regarding pressure relief, personal skin, and self-care. Surgeons must collaborate with the rehabilitation department, nursing staffs, and social workers to improve long-term results.
Su-Shin Lee; Shu-Hung Huang; Meng-Chum Chen; Kao-Ping Chang; Chung-Sheng Lai; Sin-Daw Lin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2008-07-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of plastic, reconstructive & aesthetic surgery : JPRAS     Volume:  62     ISSN:  1878-0539     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2009 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-09-18     Completed Date:  2010-01-12     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101264239     Medline TA:  J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1339-46     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.
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MeSH Terms
Middle Aged
Muscle, Skeletal / transplantation*
Paraplegia / complications*
Pressure Ulcer / etiology,  surgery*
Surgical Flaps / blood supply*
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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