Document Detail

Management of pregnancy-induced hypertension in the nullipara.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  948368     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Three hundred and forty-six nulliparous women with pregnancy-induced hypertension prior to term were monitored in a high-risk pregnancy unit while awaiting fetal maturity. Management included ambulation as desired, regular hospital diet without salf restriction, blood pressure measured 4 times daily, weight and urine protein determined 3 times each week, creatinine clearance determined weekly, and serial sonography to monitor fetal growth. Sedation and antihypertensive agents were not prescribed. Delivery was delayed until term unless hypertension persisted or recurred following an initial salutary response. Factors other than hypertension that contributed to the decision to effect delivery were 1) rapid weight gain, 2) decreasing creatinine clearance, 3) appearance of significant proteinuria, 4) suspected fetal growth retardation, and 5) the development of severe headache or scotomata. With this method of management the perinatal mortality rate was 9/1000. Only 5 infants developed the respiratory distress syndrome and all survived. There were 26 women who left the unit against medical advice. Severe hypertension subsequently developed in 7 of these women and 4 of their fetuses were stillborn. The perinatal mortality rate among this group of patients was 154/1000. It is concluded that the nulliparous patient with pregnancy-induced hypertension prior to term can be safely managed by hospitalization and close observation as a viable alternative to prompt delivery.
J C Hauth; F G Cunningham; P J Whalley
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  48     ISSN:  0029-7844     ISO Abbreviation:  Obstet Gynecol     Publication Date:  1976 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1976-10-01     Completed Date:  1976-10-01     Revised Date:  2009-10-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401101     Medline TA:  Obstet Gynecol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  253-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Birth Weight
Body Weight
Creatinine / blood
Gestational Age
Hypertension / therapy*
Infant, Newborn
Labor, Induced
Maternal Health Services
Pregnancy Complications / therapy*
Reg. No./Substance:

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