Document Detail

Management of pregnancies with suspected intrauterine growth retardation in Sweden. Results of a questionnaire.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10993094     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis and management of intrauterine growth retardation during pregnancy remain a major challenge in obstetric care. The objective of this survey was to evaluate the routine clinical management of pregnancies with suspected intrauterine growth retardation at obstetric departments in Sweden. METHODS: In 1997, a questionnaire was sent to all 59 obstetric departments in Sweden. Forty-two departments, caring for 83% of all deliveries in Sweden, replied. Four major topics were addressed: definition and diagnosis of intrauterine growth retardation; magnitude of the problem; clinical management; use of Doppler ultrasound in clinical decision-making. RESULTS: Intrauterine growth retardation is diagnosed by a combination of serial fundal height measurements and ultrasonic fetal biometry at 40 departments, two departments perform routine fetal biometry at 32 weeks. The diagnosis is most often made at 32-36 gestational weeks. Five departments use 1.5 s.d. below the mean as cut-off point for diagnosis of small for gestational age fetuses; 35 departments use mean - 2 s.d. and two departments mean - 2.5 s.d. Intrauterine growth retardation is suspected in 1.6-6.3% pregnancies. About 19% of patients with suspected intrauterine growth retardation are hospitalized. On average, 63% of all small-for-gestational age babies are diagnosed prenatally. Thirty-nine out of 42 obstetric departments use formalized management protocols. All departments use cardiotocography, repeat ultrasound scans and Doppler ultrasound for antenatal surveillance. CONCLUSIONS: In Swedish obstetric units, the diagnostic procedures and methods of fetal surveillance in pregnancies suspected of intrauterine growth retardation are more or less uniform. Doppler examination of umbilical artery is used at all responding departments and is considered a valuable asset in clinical decision-making.
J Brodszki; K Marsál
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica     Volume:  79     ISSN:  0001-6349     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand     Publication Date:  2000 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-10-04     Completed Date:  2000-10-04     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370343     Medline TA:  Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand     Country:  DENMARK    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  723-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital Lund, University of Lund, Sweden.
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MeSH Terms
Fetal Growth Retardation / diagnosis*,  embryology,  therapy*,  ultrasonography
Obstetrics* / methods,  standards
Prenatal Care / standards*
Ultrasonography, Prenatal

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