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Management of pediatric intracranial meningiomas: an analysis of 31 cases and review of literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23292441     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to understand the epidemiology, clinical features, behavior, and the prognostic factors that influence the outcome of intracranial meningiomas in children. METHODS: Thirty-one patients with age less than 18 years who underwent surgery for intracranial meningiomas during the period of at 1988-2012 at Voluntary Health Services Hospital, Chennai, India were studied. These formed 3.7 % of the total 831 cases of intracranial meningiomas operated at the institute. RESULTS: The study group included 22 (71 %) males and 9 (29 %) females. The mean age of presentation was 15 years, with the youngest being 9 months old. Two (6 %) had evidence of neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2). The most common symptoms at presentation were seizures in 11 (35.5 %), weakness of limbs in 11 (35.5 %), and raised intracranial pressure in 10 (32 %). Convexity meningiomas were seen in 16 (51 %) and skull base in 15(49 %). Multiple meningiomas was seen in two (6 %) of the patients and intraventricular location was found in one patient (3 %). Two (6 %) had evidence of NF2. Gross total excision was achieved in 26 (83 %) and subtotal excision in 5 (17 %). WHO grade I was found in 20 (64 %) and higher grade was seen in 11 (36 %). The mean follow-up was 46.2 months. Recurrence was seen in 20 patients (64 %). In patients with higher grade or with recurrence resurgery and radiotherapy was given. Three (9 %) had multiple recurrences. On a mean follow-up of 46.2 months, 25 patients (81 %) were neurologically intact, 5 (16 %) were having moderated disability, and 1 (3 %) patient died. CONCLUSIONS: Childhood meningiomas are uncommon lesions with a slight male predominance. They can have a varied clinical presentation. Higher grade is found more frequently compared with adults. Gross total resection is the goal and in higher grade meningiomas radiotherapy helps as a good adjuvant. Though the rate of recurrence is high, resurgery and radiotherapy gives a good outcome.
Authors:
Kapu Ravindranath; M C Vasudevan; Anil Pande; Nigel Symss
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Child's nervous system : ChNS : official journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1433-0350     ISO Abbreviation:  Childs Nerv Syst     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8503227     Medline TA:  Childs Nerv Syst     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
VHS Hospital, ALNC, Chennai, India, dr.ravindranath08@gmail.com.
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