Document Detail

Management of oil of citronella poisoning.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1675696     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The management for ingestion of oil of citronella, an essential oil, has traditionally been rigorous, including dilution with milk or oil, and gastric lavage or emesis, taking care to prevent aspiration. Recently our Centre handled five oil of citronella poisonings and their outcomes led us to review our management protocol which had been based on information from standard poisoning texts. The source data used to determine the human toxicity of oil of citronella and the appropriate management of poisoning included a case report of a fatal ingestion of oil of citronella in a child. On scrutiny, however, the management of this poisoning included now out-moded techniques, giving rise to uncertainties in establishing the true cause of the child's death. Our own experiences indicate that advice given in standard texts based on poisoning cases managed with out-moded techniques should be carefully evaluated.
W A Temple; N A Smith; M Beasley
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of toxicology. Clinical toxicology     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0731-3810     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Toxicol. Clin. Toxicol.     Publication Date:  1991  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-07-22     Completed Date:  1991-07-22     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8213460     Medline TA:  J Toxicol Clin Toxicol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  257-62; discussion 263     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
New Zealand National Poisons and Hazardous Chemicals Information Centre, Dunedin.
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MeSH Terms
Gastric Lavage / adverse effects
Ipecac / therapeutic use
Lethal Dose 50
Oils, Volatile / poisoning*
Pneumonia, Aspiration / etiology
Terpenes / poisoning*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Monoterpenes; 0/Oils, Volatile; 0/Terpenes; 106-22-9/citronellol; 624-15-7/geraniol; 8012-96-2/Ipecac

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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