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Management of anemia in chronic kidney disease patients: baseline findings from Chronic Kidney Disease Japan Cohort Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21234785     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Anemia is a factor that affects the outcome of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD); however, there are only a few reports on the management of anemia in Japanese patients with CKD who are not on dialysis. METHODS: We investigated the prevalence, related factors and management of anemia in CKD stage 3-5 patients in Japan based on the baseline data obtained from a prospective cohort study (Chronic Kidney Disease Japan Cohort). Anemia was defined as having a hemoglobin (Hb) level of <11 g/dL or receiving erythropoiesis stimulating agent (ESA) therapy. RESULTS: The result indicated that 946 out of 2,930 patients had anemia. Of these 946 patients, 385 were receiving ESA treatment for anemia and had an Hb level of 10.28 ± 1.19 g/dL (mean ± SD). The percentage of these patients with an Hb level above the target of 11 g/dL proposed for treatment by the Japanese guidelines, and above the maintenance level of 10 g/dL approved for ESA therapy in Japan, was only 30.1 and 61.6%, respectively. In contrast, the percentage of patients receiving no ESA therapy was 67.6 and 55.7%, respectively, among those with an Hb level of <11 and <10 g/dL. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggested that prevalence of anemia was high in Japanese patients with CKD stage 3-5, that the percentage of patients receiving ESA was low among those who required ESA, and that a large number of patients receiving ESA failed to maintain the recommended level of Hb.
Tadao Akizawa; Hirofumi Makino; Seiichi Matsuo; Tsuyoshi Watanabe; Enyu Imai; Kosaku Nitta; Yasuo Ohashi; Akira Hishida;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-1-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical and experimental nephrology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1437-7799     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-1-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9709923     Medline TA:  Clin Exp Nephrol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Showa University School of Medicine, 1-5-8 Hatanodai, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo, 142-8666, Japan,
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