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Management of adnexal masses in pregnancy: our experience from a tertiary referral perinatal centre in South India.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25063249     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: Adnexal masses in pregnancy are often incidentally detected during sonography and most resolve spontaneously by early second trimester. This study aimed to look at the prevalence and management of adnexal masses in pregnancy at a tertiary care referral perinatal hospital.
METHODS: This is a retrospective study of all women with adnexal masses (excluding ectopic gestations and non-gynaecological lesions) identified pre-pregnancy or during pregnancy (antepartum/intrapartum) from January 2006 to August 2013 at the study institute.
RESULTS: The study identified 252 women (0.6, 95 %, CI: 0.5, 0.7) with adnexal masses and mean (SD range) age of 27.1 (4.21, 18-39) years. Majority (80 %) of the masses were diagnosed incidentally. 170 (67.5 %) women were offered conservative management and cysts resolved in half of them. 87 (34.5 %) women had adnexal surgery and 15.1 % were operated during the antepartum period because of persistent abdominal pain or suspicious sonographic findings. Three (1.2 %) malignancies and five (2.0 %) borderline ovarian tumours were diagnosed on histopathological examination. 16 (6.3 %) women were lost to follow-up antenatally. Pregnancy carried to term in 175 (69.4 %) women. Perinatal mortality rate was 31.1/1,000 total births (caused by prematurity). Complications encountered were torsion (7.1 %), malignancy (1.2 %), rupture (0.4 %) and infection (0.4 %).
CONCLUSION: Although conservative management was appropriate in the majority of cases, the study identifies the need to standardize diagnosis, investigations and management for a better evaluation of outcomes.
Authors:
Kameswari Surampudi; Praveen Kumar Nirmalan; Sirisha Rao Gundabattula; Jogitha Bharathi Chandran
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-7-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of gynecology and obstetrics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-0711     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Gynecol. Obstet.     Publication Date:  2014 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-7-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8710213     Medline TA:  Arch Gynecol Obstet     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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