Document Detail


Management of acute lower intestinal bleeding: what bowel preparation should be required for urgent colonoscopy?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19950786     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The management of acute intestinal bleeding is not standardized. The aim of this study was to determine the most suitable method of bowel preparation for urgent colonoscopy. METHODOLOGY: One hundred and forty patients admitted with acute lower intestinal bleeding (ALIB) to our Hospital (April 1998 to March 2004) were studied. The preparation for colonoscopy consisted, usually, of oral administration of polyethylene glycol (PEG)-salt solution. For elderly patients or for those suspected of bleeding from a sigmoid colon lesion, colonoscopy was performed following glycerin enemas or water enemas. For patients with a suspected rectal lesion or soon after undergoing a polypectomy, colonoscopy was performed without any of the above procedures. RESULTS: Ischemic colitis was the most common cause of bleeding. The overall cecal completion ratio was 41%, compared with 74% in the PEG group. The percentage of those in whom colonoscopy was impossible (poor preparation) was 16% overall, compared with 5% in the PEG group. Endoscopic hematemesis were performed successfully for 26 patients who were mainly postpolypectomy cases or had rectal ulcers. CONCLUSIONS: In urgent colonoscopy, the preparation with PEG-salt solution may improve the patient's outcome. In postpolypectomy patients and those with rectal ulcers preparation was not always needed.
Authors:
Kumiko Saito; Masahiko Inamori; Yusuke Sekino; Keiko Akimoto; Kaori Suzuki; Ayako Tomimoto; Nobutaka Fujisawa; Kensuke Kubota; Satoru Saito; Shigeru Koyama; Atsushi Nakajima
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hepato-gastroenterology     Volume:  56     ISSN:  0172-6390     ISO Abbreviation:  Hepatogastroenterology     Publication Date:    2009 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-12-02     Completed Date:  2009-12-15     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8007849     Medline TA:  Hepatogastroenterology     Country:  Greece    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1331-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Gastroenterology, Tokyo Metropolitan Hiroo Hospital, 2-34-10 Ebisu, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo, 150-0013, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acute Disease
Aged
Colonoscopy / methods*
Female
Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / etiology,  therapy*
Hemostasis
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Polyethylene Glycols
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Polyethylene Glycols

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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