Document Detail


Malnutrition in emergencies: the framing of nutrition concerns in the humanitarian appeals process, 1992 to 2009.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20496628     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This paper examines how nutrition has been used to raise humanitarian relief resources through the United Nations appeals process, from 1992 to early 2009. Recent calls for "nutrition safety nets" as a response to the world food price crisis reflect a growing recognition of nutrition as a key element in crisis management, not simply as a metric of how bad things have become. The evolution in thinking about the role of nutrition in emergency programming is reflected in changes in how nutrition has been conceptualized and presented in the consolidated appeals process. Based on a desk review, supported by key informant interviews, the paper highlights important changes that include an increasing distinction that separates nutrition from food, water, and health; the importance of synergies across sectors; increased emphasis on "essential packages" of inputs and services versus stand-alone activities; the importance of technical rigor in food and nutrition assessment and surveys; the need for technical competency and capacity in the design and management of nutrition interventions; and the importance of planning for long-term change even in delivering a short-term response. There has also been growing emphasis on specificity in objectives--a trend linked to demand for more accountability across the humanitarian system. Enhanced emergency preparedness will require further capacity building and improved systems for surveillance and data management. Without more systematic, targeted attention to pre-crisis malnutrition, the resources needed to tackle nutrition problems during emergencies will continue to grow.
Authors:
Patrick Webb
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Historical Article; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Food and nutrition bulletin     Volume:  30     ISSN:  0379-5721     ISO Abbreviation:  Food Nutr Bull     Publication Date:  2009 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-05-25     Completed Date:  2010-06-08     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7906418     Medline TA:  Food Nutr Bull     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  379-89     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University, 150 Harrison Ave., Boston, MA 02111, USA. Patrick.webb@tufts.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Altruism*
Capacity Building / history
Disaster Planning / history
Emergencies
History, 20th Century
History, 21st Century
Humans
International Cooperation / history*
Interviews as Topic
Malnutrition / history,  therapy
Nutrition Therapy / history*
Relief Work / history*
United Nations

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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