Document Detail

Mallampati class changes during pregnancy, labour, and after delivery: can these be predicted?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20007793     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: An increase in Mallampati class is associated with difficult laryngoscopy in obstetrics. The goal of our study was to determine the changes in Mallampati class before, during, and after labour, and to identify predictive factors of the changes. METHODS: Mallampati class was evaluated at four time intervals in 87 pregnant patients: during the 8th month of pregnancy (T(1)), placement of epidural catheter (T(2)), 20 min after delivery (T(3)), and 48 h after delivery (T(4)). Factors such as gestational weight gain, duration of first and second stages of labour, and i.v. fluids administered during labour were evaluated for their predictive value. Mallampati classes 3 and 4 were compared for each time interval. Logistic regression was used to test the association between each factor and Mallampati class evolution. RESULTS: Mallampati class did not change for 37% of patients. The proportion of patients falling into Mallampati classes 3 and 4 at the various times of assessment were: T(1), 10.3%; T(2), 36.8%; T(3), 51.7%; and T(4), 20.7%. The differences in percentages were all significant (P<0.01). None of the evaluated factors was predictive. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of Mallampati classes 3 and 4 increases during labour compared with the pre-labour period, and these changes are not fully reversed by 48 h after delivery. This work confirms the absolute necessity of examining the airway before anaesthetic management in obstetric patients.
M Boutonnet; V Faitot; A Katz; L Salomon; H Keita
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of anaesthesia     Volume:  104     ISSN:  1471-6771     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Anaesth     Publication Date:  2010 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-12-16     Completed Date:  2010-01-14     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372541     Medline TA:  Br J Anaesth     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  67-70     Citation Subset:  IM    
Service d'Anesthésie, Hôpital Louis Mourier, 178 rue des Renouillers, F-92701 Colombes, France.
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MeSH Terms
Analgesia, Epidural
Analgesia, Obstetrical / methods
Anesthesia, Obstetrical / methods
Anthropometry / methods
Body Mass Index
Labor, Obstetric / physiology
Mouth / anatomy & histology*,  physiology
Postpartum Period / physiology*
Pregnancy / physiology*
Prospective Studies
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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