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Malignant ventricular arrhythmias after off-pump coronary artery bypass.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24642387     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Sustained ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation (VT/VF) are rare complications after coronary surgery. Off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) was developed to decrease postoperative complications. No studies to date have specifically addressed VT/VF after OPCAB. We sought to assess the incidence, risk factors, and outcome of VT/VF after OPCAB.
METHODS: The study included a retrospective review of 1010 patients undergoing OPCAB between 2000 and 2012. Data were compared between the VT/VF patients and control patients who were the first cases of OPCAB in each month during the study period and did not have VT/VF.
RESULTS: Twenty-three patients (2.3%) developed VT/VF after OPCAB. The hospital mortality rate was 17.4%. In univariate analysis, the risk factors for VT/VF were old age, rapid heart rate, prolonged corrected QT interval, severe congestive heart failure, poor left ventricular ejection fraction, large left ventricular end-diastolic diameter, chronic kidney disease, preoperative dialysis, low blood hemoglobin level, preoperative intubation, recent myocardial infarction, high European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation, urgent/emergent operation, use of intra-aortic balloon pump, conversion to on-pump beating heart, postoperative dialysis, and no use of beta-blockers after operation. Multivariate analysis identified preoperative corrected QT interval > 426 milliseconds [odds ratio (OR) = 4.501; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.153-17.570] and estimated glomerular filtration rate < 30 mL/minute/1.73 m(2) (OR = 4.876; 95% CI = 1.112-21.374) as independent risk factors.
CONCLUSION: Postoperative VT/VF was rare after OPCAB but was associated with high mortality. Prolonged corrected QT interval and chronic kidney disease were independent risk factors. Recognition of these risk factors, proper prevention, and early intervention may improve survival.
Authors:
Jeng-Wei Chen; Cheng-Hsin Lin; Ron-Bin Hsu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-3-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan yi zhi     Volume:  -     ISSN:  0929-6646     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Formos. Med. Assoc.     Publication Date:  2014 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-3-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9214933     Medline TA:  J Formos Med Assoc     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier B.V.
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