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Malignant pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma: A population level analysis of long-term survival over two decades.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23233320     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pheochromocytoma (PHEO) and paraganglioma (PGL) are rare tumors. Aims of this study were to describe and to compare demographic, clinical, pathologic, and survival characteristics of malignant PHEO and PGL. METHODS: Patients were identified in SEER, 1988-2009. Analyses included chi-square, ANOVA, Kaplan-Meier, and Cox proportional hazard regression. RESULTS: Gender distribution and mean age were similar for PHEO and PGL. Surgery was performed in 74.3% of PHEO and 78.9% of PGL; external beam radiation was administered in 8.0% of PHEO and 28.1% of PGL (P < 0.001). Compared to PGL, PHEO were larger (mean size 7.7 vs. 4.5 cm PGL, P = 0.001) and more were SEER-staged as localized (17.3% vs. 49.6%, respectively, P < 0.001). PGLs were more often located in the trunk than in the head/neck (53.8% vs. 38.0%, P < 0.001). PHEO had lower overall and disease-specific survival than PGL (54.0% and 73.5% vs. 73.3% and 80.5% for PGL, respectively, P < 0.001 and P = 0.118). Independent factors associated with mortality for PHEO included not undergoing surgery and metastases at diagnosis; for PGL, these were age 61-75 years, size ≥5 cm, and presenting with metastases. CONCLUSIONS: Malignant PHEO has a more aggressive course than malignant PGL; long-term survival has not improved over the last two decades. Multi-institutional efforts should be pursued to seek novel treatments. J. Surg. Oncol © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Paolo Goffredo; Julie A Sosa; Sanziana A Roman
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of surgical oncology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1096-9098     ISO Abbreviation:  J Surg Oncol     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0222643     Medline TA:  J Surg Oncol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Department of Surgery, Milano-Bicocca University, Monza, Italy.
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