Document Detail

Malignant otitis externa in HIV and AIDS.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8869614     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Malignant otitis externa is a necrotising infection of the external ear canal which may spread to include the mastoid and petrous parts of the temporal bone, leading to skull base osteomyelitis. It is almost exclusively caused by infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and usually occurs in elderly non-insulin-dependent diabetic patients. However isolated cases have been reported in a small number of non-diabetic patients, particularly in children who are immunocompromised due to malignancy, malnutrition and severe anaemia. In 1984 a case of malignant otitis externa was reported in a child with an acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-like illness, prior to identification of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Since that time further sporadic cases of this invasive infection have been reported in HIV and AIDS. We present two further cases and also a review of the current literature.
J D Hern; J Almeyda; D M Thomas; J Main; K S Patel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of laryngology and otology     Volume:  110     ISSN:  0022-2151     ISO Abbreviation:  J Laryngol Otol     Publication Date:  1996 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-12-16     Completed Date:  1996-12-16     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8706896     Medline TA:  J Laryngol Otol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  770-5     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM; X    
Department of Otolarynology, St Mary's Hospital, London, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / complications
HIV Infections / complications*
Middle Aged
Opportunistic Infections / complications*
Otitis Externa / complications*
Pseudomonas Infections / complications*

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