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Malignancy: Subsequential Alterations of Telomeric DNA Length Correlate with Cytogenetic Response in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Treated with Interferon alpha.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11399549     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Telomeres consist of simple tandem hexametric (TTAGGG) repeats and progressively shorten with cell replication. To determine a relationship between telomeric erosion and response to treatment, we measured telomere length following treatment in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in the chronic phase. We used 70 samples of bone marrow mononuclear cells obtained from 26 patients with CML in the chronic phase subsequently. Telomere length was determined by a Southern hybridization of HinfI-digested DNA using a (TTAGGG)(4) probe, and the terminal restriction fragment (TRF) length was measured. Telomerase activity was also measured in 14 CML patients at the time of diagnosis using a telomeric repeat amplification protocol (TRAP) assay. Of the 26 patients with CML at the time of diagnosis, 14 had normal TRF lengths and the remaining 12 had shortened TRFs compared to those of age-matched normal individuals. In a group of CML patients treated with interferon alpha (IFNalpha), 80% of those who showed normal TRFs obtained cytogenetic responses. Approximately 50% of patients with shortened TRFs and treated with IFNalpha showed normalization of TRFs after IFNalpha treatment and all of them were cytogenetic responders. None of the CML patients with shortened TRFs before and after IFNalpha treatment achieved major cytogenetic response and they had high levels of telomerase activity. In the group of CML patients treated with hydroxyurea alone, although some patients showed normalization of TRF lengths after treatment, none of them showed major cytogenetic response. Telomere length before treatment may be related to CML disease severity. Cytogenetic response could be expected in CML patients with normal TRF lengths and treated with IFNalpha. Thus, measurement of telomere length after treatment might provide important information in managing CML patients.
Authors:
SHIGEFUMI Hayashi; HIROSHI Iwama; NAOYUKI Yahata; KEIKO Ando; JUNKO H. Ohyashiki; KAZUMA Ohyashiki
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)     Volume:  4     ISSN:  1607-8454     ISO Abbreviation:  Hematology     Publication Date:  1999  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-Jun-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9708388     Medline TA:  Hematology     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-10     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
First Department of Internal Medicine, Tokyo Medical University, 6-7-1 Nishi-shinjuku, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160-0023, Japan.
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