Document Detail

Male athletic activities and their effects on semen and hormonal parameters.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20959704     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Infertility is generally defined as the inability to conceive a pregnancy or the failure to do so within a reasonable period (typically 12 months). Approximately 85% of couples conceive a first pregnancy within 12 months. The prevalence of infertility has increased over the past 10 years, with approximately 10 million affected couples in the United States. Roughly 40% to 50% of infertility is either due to, or is contributed by, a male factor. Given how common the condition is, men and their partners are understandably concerned and interested in identifying and eliminating risk factors for male infertility. This article reviews the available literature on various aspects of male infertility related to athletic pursuits. These include the effects of exercise on semen parameters, hormonal axes, and testicular health. Due to the prevalence and particular relevance of anabolic steroid use by athletes and the impact of steroid use on fertility, this topic is also reviewed.
William O Brant; Jeremy B Myers; Douglas T Carrell; James F Smith
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Physician and sportsmedicine     Volume:  38     ISSN:  0091-3847     ISO Abbreviation:  Phys Sportsmed     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-20     Completed Date:  2011-01-20     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0427461     Medline TA:  Phys Sportsmed     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  114-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Surgery (Urology), Salt Lake City, UT 84132, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Anabolic Agents / administration & dosage,  adverse effects*
Athletic Injuries / complications
Doping in Sports
Infertility, Male / epidemiology,  etiology*
Risk Factors
Testis / injuries
United States / epidemiology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anabolic Agents

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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