Document Detail


Malaria in Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Yemen: a clinical pilot study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18383796     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Imported malaria is a health problem and needs continuous monitoring as many clinicians are not aware of it. In Yemen malaria is the main public health problem. Malaria cases were 16 in Almaza Military Fever Hospital, Cairo, 53 in Saudi Hospital at Pilgrimage, Yemen and in Saber Hospital at Aden, Yemen were studied. 9 cases (56.2%) of P. falciparum in Cairo were imported and 7 cases (43.8%) acquired P. vivax locally (October 2003 to July 2004). They were all treated successfully by chloroquine. An imported case (6.3%) died by cerebral malaria due to delayed diagnosis. Five imported cases (31.3%) had severe malaria. In Pilgrimage, an infant (1.9%) had congenital malaria, 17 cases (32.1%) had severe malaria and 2 (3.8%) died by cerebral malaria. 43 patients (81.1%) had P. falciparum and 10 patients (18.9%) had P. vivax. All patients were treated by parenteral or oral quinine. In Aden, one patient (5%) suffered diarrhea without fever, early blood film was negative, and was positive later on. 18 cases (90%) had P. falciparum, 2 (10%) had P. vivax. 4 cases (20%) had severe malaria & a patient (5%) died by cerebral malaria. Patients in Aden severe cases were successfully treated by intramuscular artemether followed by oral Fansidar, and mild ones were treated by oral Quartem.
Authors:
Tarik Zaher; Moustafa Ahmadi; Amany Ibrahim; Mamdouh El-Bahnasawy; Hoda Gouda; Samir Abdel-Razek Shahat
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology     Volume:  37     ISSN:  1110-0583     ISO Abbreviation:  J Egypt Soc Parasitol     Publication Date:  2007 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-04-03     Completed Date:  2008-05-12     Revised Date:  2013-05-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8102141     Medline TA:  J Egypt Soc Parasitol     Country:  Egypt    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  969-76     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Tropical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Animals
Antimalarials / therapeutic use*
Artemisinins / therapeutic use
Child
Child, Preschool
Chloroquine / therapeutic use
Egypt / epidemiology
Female
Humans
Infant
Malaria / drug therapy*,  epidemiology*,  mortality
Male
Mefloquine / therapeutic use
Middle Aged
Pilot Projects
Quinine / therapeutic use
Saudi Arabia / epidemiology
Severity of Illness Index
Yemen / epidemiology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antimalarials; 0/Artemisinins; 130-95-0/Quinine; 53230-10-7/Mefloquine; 54-05-7/Chloroquine; C7D6T3H22J/artemether

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