Document Detail

Malaria and the heart.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23188857     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
A 40-year-old healthy manual labourer from a malaria endemic area with no known risk factors for atherosclerotic coronary vascular disease was admitted to our hospital with a history of fever with chills and rigours. Physical examination revealed tachypnoea and icterus. Peripheral smear showed trophozoites of Plasmodium vivax and thrombocytopaenia. The patient was administered artesunate. Six hours after admission, he complained of severe substernal chest pain. A 12-lead ECG revealed ST elevations in leads I, II and aVL. Troponin T and creatine kinase MB were elevated and the random blood sugar was 49 mg%. Echocardiogram revealed left ventricle lateral wall hypokinesia. Hypoglycaemia was corrected. A provisional diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome as a complication of malaria or its treatment was made. He was treated with low molecular weight heparin and nitrates. The patient improved symptomatically. A repeat ECG was normal.
Smitha Bhat; Jayaprakash Alva; Krithika Muralidhara; Sayid Fahad
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-11-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  BMJ case reports     Volume:  2012     ISSN:  1757-790X     ISO Abbreviation:  BMJ Case Rep     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101526291     Medline TA:  BMJ Case Rep     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Medicine, Father Muller Medical College, Mangalore, Karnataka, India.
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