Document Detail


Malaria epidemiology in the province of Moyen Ogoov, Gabon.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8525289     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In the course of epidemiological and immunological baseline studies parasitological surveys were conducted, in 1992, in three localities situated in our near rain forest in the area of Lambaréné, Gabon, western Central Africa. Anopheles gambiae s.s. and A. funestus are considered to be the main vectors of malaria. The three localities represent strata with obvious differences in the intensity of malaria transmission. The lowest parasite rates were recorded in the village around the Albert-Schweitzer-Hospital where environmental sanitation and easy access to diagnostic and therapeutic facilities afford a fair measure of malaria control. The villages of Bellevue and Tchad show a much higher prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum, followed by P. malariae and P. ovale. In all three villages parasite rates and geometric mean parasite densities of P. falciparum showed the age pattern typical for areas with stable, hyperendemic malaria. Analysis by season showed the period of the long rains to be the epidemiologically calmest while the dry season and even more the short rainy season produced an increase of parasite rates and densities. In Tchad, the most affected of the three villages, the parasite rates in female adults were significantly lower than in male adults. This was accompanied by lower parasite densities in female adults.
Authors:
E Wildling; S Winkler; P G Kremsner; C Brandts; L Jenne; W H Wernsdorfer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Tropical medicine and parasitology : official organ of Deutsche Tropenmedizinische Gesellschaft and of Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ)     Volume:  46     ISSN:  0177-2392     ISO Abbreviation:  Trop. Med. Parasitol.     Publication Date:  1995 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-01-25     Completed Date:  1996-01-25     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8503728     Medline TA:  Trop Med Parasitol     Country:  GERMANY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  77-82     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
International Research Laboratory, Albert-Schweitzer-Hospital, Lambaréné, Gabon.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Animals
Anopheles
Child
Child, Preschool
Confidence Intervals
Female
Gabon / epidemiology
Geography
Humans
Infant
Insect Vectors
Malaria / epidemiology*
Malaria, Falciparum / epidemiology
Male
Plasmodium / isolation & purification
Plasmodium falciparum / isolation & purification
Plasmodium malariae / isolation & purification
Prevalence
Rural Population
Seasons
Sex Characteristics
Sex Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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