Document Detail

Making healthy food choices using nutrition facts panels. The roles of knowledge, motivation, dietary modifications goals, and age.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22524999     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Nutrition facts panels (NFPs) contain a rich assortment of nutrition information and are available on most food packages. The importance of this information is potentially even greater among older adults due to their increased risk for diet-related diseases, as well as those with goals for dietary modifications that may impact food choice. Despite past work suggesting that knowledge and motivation impact attitudes surrounding and self-reported use of NFPs, we know little about how (i.e., strategies used) and how well (i.e., level of accuracy) younger and older individuals process NFP information when evaluating healthful qualities of foods. We manipulated the content of NFPs and, using eye tracking methodology, examined strategies associated with deciding which of two NFPs, presented side-by-side, was healthier. We examined associations among strategy use and accuracy as well as age, dietary modification status, knowledge, and motivation. Results showed that, across age groups, those with dietary modification goals made relatively more comparisons between NFPs with increasing knowledge and motivation; but that strategy effectiveness (relationship to accuracy) depended on age and motivation. Results also showed that knowledge and motivation may protect against declines in accuracy in later life and that, across age and dietary modification status, knowledge mediates the relationship between motivation and decision accuracy.
Lisa M Soederberg Miller; Diana L Cassady
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-04-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Appetite     Volume:  59     ISSN:  1095-8304     ISO Abbreviation:  Appetite     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-06-04     Completed Date:  2012-09-27     Revised Date:  2013-08-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006808     Medline TA:  Appetite     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  129-39     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Department of Human and Community Development, University of California, Davis, One Shields Avenue Davis, CA 95616, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Choice Behavior*
Food Habits*
Food Labeling
Food Preferences*
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
Middle Aged
Nutritional Status
Young Adult
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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