Document Detail

Major pertussis-toxin-sensitive GTP-binding protein of bovine lung. Purification, characterization and production of specific antibodies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3131145     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Two GTP-binding proteins which can be ADP-ribosylated by islet-activating protein, pertussis toxin, were purified from the cholate extract of bovine lung membranes. Both proteins had the same heterotrimeric structure (alpha beta gamma), but the alpha subunits were dissociated from the beta gamma when they were purified in the presence of AlCl3, MgCl2 and NaF. The molecular mass of the alpha subunit of the major protein (designated GLu, with beta gamma) was 40 kDa and that of the minor one was 41 kDa. The results of peptide mapping analysis of alpha subunits with a limited proteolysis indicated that GLu alpha was entirely different from the alpha of brain Gi or Go, while the 41-kDa polypeptide was identical with the alpha of bovine brain Gi. The kinetics of guanosine 5'-[3-O-thio]triphosphate (GTP[gamma S]) binding to GLu was similar to that to lung Gi but quite different from that to brain Go. On the other hand, incubation of GLu alpha at 30 degrees C caused a rapid decrease of GTP[gamma S] binding, the inactivation curve being similar to that of Go alpha but different from that of Gi alpha. The alpha subunits of lung Gi and GLu did not react with the antibodies against the alpha subunit of bovine brain Go. The antibodies were raised in rabbits against GLu alpha and were purified with a GLu alpha-Sepharose column. The purified antibodies reacted not only with GLu alpha but also with the 41-kDa protein and purified brain Gi alpha. However, the antibodies adsorbed with brain Gi alpha reacted only with GLu alpha, indicating antisera raised with GLu alpha contained antibodies that recognize both Gi alpha and GLu alpha, and those specific to GLu alpha. These results further indicate that GLu is different from Gi or Go. Anti-GLu alpha antibodies reacted with the 40-kDa proteins in the membranes of bovine brain and human leukemic (HL-60) cells. The beta gamma subunits were also purified from bovine lung. The beta subunit was the doublet of 36-kDa and 35-kDa polypeptides. The lung beta gamma could elicit the ADP-ribosylation of GLu alpha by islet-activating protein, increase the GTP[gamma S] binding to GLu and protect the thermal denaturation of GLu alpha. The antibodies raised against brain beta gamma cross-reacted with lung beta but not with lung gamma.
R Morishita; K Kato; T Asano
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of biochemistry / FEBS     Volume:  174     ISSN:  0014-2956     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Biochem.     Publication Date:  1988 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-07-14     Completed Date:  1988-07-14     Revised Date:  2007-07-23    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0107600     Medline TA:  Eur J Biochem     Country:  GERMANY, WEST    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  87-94     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Biochemistry, Institute for Developmental Research, Kasugai, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Adenosine Diphosphate Ribose / metabolism
Antibody Formation
Antibody Specificity
Binding Sites / drug effects
Brain Chemistry
GTP-Binding Proteins / classification,  immunology,  isolation & purification*
Lung / analysis*
Peptide Mapping
Pertussis Toxin*
Virulence Factors, Bordetella / pharmacology*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Virulence Factors, Bordetella; 20762-30-5/Adenosine Diphosphate Ribose; EC Toxin; EC 3.6.1.-/GTP-Binding Proteins

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