Document Detail

Maintenance nitrogen requirements and intestinal microorganisms in rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3559749     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Nitrogen (N) balance trials with young growing rats fed diets with and without nonabsorbable antibiotics and with various concentrations of crude protein (CP) were conducted to measure maintenance N requirements. In addition, cecal contents were analyzed for ammonia (NH3), urea (U) and free amino acids (AA) to study the reduction in maintenance N requirements due to the action of antibiotics. Results of the N-balance trials verified the reduction in maintenance N requirements with antibiotics as described in the literature. The reduction, however, was not as large as previously demonstrated, possibly because of severe diarrhea and greater liquid accumulation in the cecum of rats fed antibiotics. The concentration of free AA and U in the postabsorptive region of the intestine (cecum) of rats consuming antibiotics was greater than when antibiotics were not consumed. Cecal N concentrations supported the concept that the mode of action of antibiotics in reducing maintenance N requirements was via reduced destruction of AA of body origin in the lower intestine. Cecal levels of NH3 were similar in both antibiotic and nonantibiotic groups. The amount of N needed for body maintenance when conditions favored minimum destruction of body AA by lower intestine microorganisms was small, less than 1% dietary CP. Maintenance N may be limited to the needs for tissues on the exterior of the body, such as hair, which are poorly recycled through the digestive tract.
W A Nipper; W Burroughs; A Trenkle
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of nutrition     Volume:  117     ISSN:  0022-3166     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Nutr.     Publication Date:  1987 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-05-04     Completed Date:  1987-05-04     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404243     Medline TA:  J Nutr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  335-41     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Amino Acids / metabolism
Ammonia / metabolism
Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology*
Cecum / metabolism
Enterobacteriaceae / metabolism*
Intestines / drug effects,  microbiology*
Nitrogen / metabolism*
Nutritional Requirements
Rats, Inbred Strains
Urea / metabolism
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Amino Acids; 0/Anti-Bacterial Agents; 57-13-6/Urea; 7664-41-7/Ammonia; 7727-37-9/Nitrogen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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