Document Detail

Magnetic resonance imaging in Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome: report of three cases and review of literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15480723     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
INTRODUCTION: Eclampsia is one of the main causes of Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome (PRES) a recent clinico-neuroradiological entity represented by characteristic MR findings of a symmetric bilateral subcortical/cortical hyperintensity in T2-weighted images, more often in parieto-occipital lobes, accompanied by clinical neurological alterations. Neuroradiological and clinical alterations are commonly completely reversible although ischemic evolution has been described. The pathophysiology is still a matter of debate. Specific magnetic resonance (MR) techniques, such as FLAIR (fluid attenuated inversion recovery) and DWI (diffusion weighted images) sequences, have improved the ability to detect subcortical/cortical lesions and helped to clarify the underlying pathophysiological mechanism of cerebrovascular involvement, which results important for an appropriate therapeutic decision.
CASE REPORT AND DISCUSSION: We report the MR imaging findings of three patients with eclampsia and PRES as well as a careful review of literature.
Vanina Finocchi; Alessandro Bozzao; Michela Bonamini; Michele Ferrante; Andrea Romano; Claudio Colonnese; Luigi Maria Fantozzi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article; Review     Date:  2004-10-09
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of gynecology and obstetrics     Volume:  271     ISSN:  0932-0067     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Gynecol. Obstet.     Publication Date:  2005 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-01-18     Completed Date:  2006-01-12     Revised Date:  2013-11-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8710213     Medline TA:  Arch Gynecol Obstet     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  79-85     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Neuroradiology, University of Rome La Sapienza, Sant'Andrea Hospital, Via di Grottarossa 1035, 00189 Rome, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Brain Diseases / diagnosis,  etiology
Brain Edema / diagnosis,  etiology
Diagnosis, Differential
Hypertensive Encephalopathy / diagnosis*,  etiology
Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
Pregnancy Outcome

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