Document Detail

Magnetic Resonance Imaging Reveals Edema-like Changes Not Only Subcutaneously, But Also in Muscle Tissue After Femoropopliteal Bypass Surger.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22050880     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiological mechanisms that induce postrevascularization edema after femoropopliteal bypass surgery are not completely understood. Reperfusion-associated injury to revascularized tissue and damage to lymphatic structures are both likely to play a role. Aim of this study was to study edema formation after peripheral bypass surgery with magnetic resonance imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine patients suffering from severe peripheral arterial occlusive disease were subjected to magnetic resonance imaging scans before and 1 week after autologous femoropopliteal or femorocrural bypass surgery. RESULTS: A 12% increase in volume of the upper legs and an 11% increase in volume of the lower legs were measured in patients postoperatively. The increase of volume was largely due to expansion of the subcutaneous compartments: a 35% increase in the upper legs and a 41% increase in the lower legs. Edema in the upper legs was predominantly located medially at the site of the surgical wound. In contrast, edema in the lower legs was homogenously distributed around the entire leg circumference. The muscle compartment showed no significant change of volume. However, in the majority of patients, edema-like changes were seen in selected muscles as well after a peripheral bypass reconstruction. CONCLUSION: Swelling of the subcutaneous compartments is mainly responsible for the volume increases in upper and lower legs similar to lymphatic edema. In addition, in a majority of patients, edema-like changes in selected muscles were seen especially in the upper legs. Reperfusion-associated injury as a cause of these changes cannot be ruled out.
Alexander Te Slaa; Eric Tetteroo; Paul G H Mulder; Gwan H Ho; L D Vos; Frans L Moll; Lyckle van der Laan
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-1
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of vascular surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1615-5947     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8703941     Medline TA:  Ann Vasc Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Annals of Vascular Surgery Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Surgery, Amphia Hospital, Breda, The Netherlands.
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