Document Detail

Magnetic resonance imaging of the canine elbow: an anatomic study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20561323     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: To describe the normal anatomy of the soft tissues stabilizing the canine elbow observed by magnetic resonance (MR) imaging.
STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive study.
ANIMALS: Cadavers of large breed dogs (n=3).
METHODS: Immediately after euthanasia, T1- and T2-weighted MR images of both elbows of each dog were made in sagittal, transverse, and dorsal planes. Elbows were removed from the cadavers, embedded in a water bath, and frozen. Slab sections of the frozen elbows were obtained and matched with the MR images.
RESULTS: On anatomic sections, all musculoskeletal structures could be identified. T1-weighted MR images provided the best anatomic detail, whereas T2-weighted MR images were best for synovial cavities. All musculoskeletal structures identified on the anatomic sections were visible on the MR images. The flexor tendons were best seen on the images in the sagittal and dorsal planes, whereas the flexor carpi ulnaris tendon was best seen on the transverse images. The extensor tendons and the lateral collateral ligament were visible on the images in transverse and dorsal planes. The biceps brachii and triceps muscles and tendons were best seen on the sagittal MR images.
CONCLUSIONS: MR is a useful imaging technique to observe the soft tissues of the canine elbow.
CLINICAL RELEVANCE: This anatomic atlas could be used as a guide for interpretation of MR images of elbow disorders such as tendon, ligament, or muscle injuries.
Yseult Baeumlin; Lieve De Rycke; Annemie Van Caelenberg; Henri Van Bree; Ingrid Gielen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-06-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Veterinary surgery : VS     Volume:  39     ISSN:  1532-950X     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet Surg     Publication Date:  2010 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-07-19     Completed Date:  2010-11-02     Revised Date:  2011-04-25    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8113214     Medline TA:  Vet Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  566-73     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Medical Imaging and Small Animals Orthopaedics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium.
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MeSH Terms
Dogs / anatomy & histology*
Forelimb / anatomy & histology*
Humerus / anatomy & histology
Joints / anatomy & histology*
Ligaments, Articular / anatomy & histology
Magnetic Resonance Imaging / veterinary*
Muscle, Skeletal / anatomy & histology
Radius / anatomy & histology
Ulna / anatomy & histology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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