Document Detail


Magnesium sulfate therapy for the prevention of cerebral palsy in preterm infants: a decision-analytic and economic analysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22000669     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: We sought to estimate the cost-effectiveness of magnesium neuroprophylaxis for all women at risk for preterm birth <32 weeks. STUDY DESIGN: A decision analytic and cost-effectiveness model was designed to compare use of magnesium for neuroprophylaxis vs no treatment for women at risk for preterm birth <32 weeks due to preterm premature rupture of membranes or preterm labor from 24-32 weeks. Outcomes included neonatal death and moderate-severe cerebral palsy. Effectiveness was reported in quality-adjusted life years. RESULTS: Magnesium for neuroprophylaxis led to lower costs ($1739 vs $1917) and better outcomes (56.684 vs 56.678 quality-adjusted life years). However, sensitivity analysis revealed the model to be sensitive to estimates of effect of magnesium on risk of moderate or severe cerebral palsy as well as neonatal death. CONCLUSION: Based on currently published evidence for efficacy, magnesium for neuroprophylaxis in women at risk to deliver preterm is cost-effective.
Authors:
Alison G Cahill; Anthony O Odibo; Molly J Stout; William A Grobman; George A Macones; Aaron B Caughey
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-9-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1097-6868     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370476     Medline TA:  Am J Obstet Gynecol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO.
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