Document Detail


Magnesium abolishes inadequate kinetics of frequency adaptation of the Q-aT interval in the presence of sotalol.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9302346     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: It has been well established that class III antiarrhythmic drugs can also induce ventricular arrhythmias. Marked changes in the QT interval are correlated with an increased dispersion of repolarization which is an important factor for the induction of ventricular arrhythmias. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of sotalol alone and in combination with MgSO4 and the Q-aT interval during abrupt changes in heart rate. METHODS: The experiments were performed on isolated guinea-pig hearts perfused by the method of Langendorff. The rate adaptation of the Q-aT interval was estimated after abruptly changing the ventricular pacing rate from 220 to 180 ms and back to 220 ms. RESULTS: In the presence of 10 microM sotalol, at a constant pacing cycle length of 220 ms, the QT interval was prolonged significantly (P < 0.01) from 152 +/- 4 to 166 +/- 3 ms (mean +/- s.e.m., n = 8 in each group). The addition of 3.4 mM MgSO4 caused a slight further prolongation of the QT interval. After abruptly shortening the pacing cycle length from 220 to 180 ms, the Q-aT interval shortened within 2 min by 11.3 +/- 0.5 ms with a time constant (tau) of 77 +/9 beats under control conditions, by 15.4 +/- 0.9 ms (P < 0.05 vs. control with tau = 52 +/- 7 beats (P < 0.05 vs. control) in the presence of sotalol, and by 13.1 +/- 1.2 ms with tau = 158 +/- 13 beats under the combination of sotalol (10 microM) and MgSO4 (3.4 mM). After abrupt shortening of the pacing cycle length the Q-aT interval of the first beat was shortened by 3.3 +/- 0.3 ms under control conditions, by 7.1 +/- 0.2 ms (P < 0.01 vs. control) under sotalol, and by 4.2 +/- 0.2 ms with the combination of sotalol and MgSO4. If the pacing cycle length was abruptly increased from 180 to 220 ms, the effects were comparable to those described above. CONCLUSIONS: Sotalol led to inadequate kinetics of fate adaptation of the Q-aT interval indicated by a high amplitude of Q-aT interval change, especially within the first beat after abrupt change in the pacing rate. MgSO4 abolished this effect of sotalol. These findings suggest that MgSO4 could reduce sotalol-induced inadequate kinetics of rate adaptation and therefore also dispersion of repolarization, which may result in a reduction of sotalol-induced ventricular arrhythmias.
Authors:
G Stark; I Schwarzl; U Heiden; U Stark; H A Tritthart
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cardiovascular research     Volume:  35     ISSN:  0008-6363     ISO Abbreviation:  Cardiovasc. Res.     Publication Date:  1997 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-10-16     Completed Date:  1997-10-16     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0077427     Medline TA:  Cardiovasc Res     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  43-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Internal Medicine, Karl-Franzens-University, Graz, Austria. starkg@balu.kfunigraz.ac.at
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Anti-Arrhythmia Agents / pharmacology*
Cardiac Pacing, Artificial
Drug Synergism
Electrocardiography
Female
Guinea Pigs
Heart / drug effects,  physiopathology*
Heart Rate / drug effects*
Kinetics
Magnesium Sulfate / pharmacology*
Male
Perfusion
Sotalol / pharmacology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Arrhythmia Agents; 3930-20-9/Sotalol; 7487-88-9/Magnesium Sulfate

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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