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MUC16 (CA125) regulates epithelial ovarian cancer cell growth, tumorigenesis and metastasis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21421261     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: MUC16 (CA125) protein is a high molecular weight mucin overexpressed in the majority of epithelial ovarian cancers (EOC) but not in the epithelium of normal ovaries suggesting that it might play a role in EOC pathogenesis. Here, we explored the phenotypic consequences of MUC16 knockdown and expression of its C-terminal domain with the aim of establishing a role for MUC16 in tumorigenesis. METHODS: MUC16 was down-regulated by stably expressing an anti-MUC16 endoplasmic reticulum-targeted single-chain antibody which prevented MUC16 cell surface localization in NIH:OVCAR3 cells. In addition, we generated epitope tagged, N-terminal region-deleted MUC16 constructs with (MUC16TMU) and without (MUC16CTD) cytoplasmic tail deletions and stably expressed them in SKOV3 cells. RESULTS: Although MUC16 knockdown did not affect the cell growth rate, knockdown cells reached a stationary growth phase after 4days whereas control cells continued to grow for up to 7days. Colony formation assays in soft agar demonstrated that MUC16 knockdown cells had >8-fold reduction in their ability to form colonies. Importantly, MUC16 knockdown completely prevents the formation of subcutaneous tumors in nude mice. Conversely, we show that ectopic expression of the MUC16CTD enhances SKOV3 tumor cell growth, colony formation in soft agar and enhances tumor growth and metastases in SCID mice. In addition, MUC16CTD expression increases cell motility, invasiveness, and metastatic property. Deletion of the cytoplasmic tail from the MUC16CTD completely abolished its ability to enhance tumor cell growth, cell motility and invasiveness. Furthermore, the increased invasive properties of MUC16CTD-expressing cells correlated with decreased expression of E-cadherin and increased expression of N-cadherin and vimentin. CONCLUSION: These findings provide the first evidence for a critical role of MUC16 in tumor cell growth, tumorigenesis and metastases.
Authors:
Catherine Thériault; Maxime Pinard; Marina Comamala; Martine Migneault; Julie Beaudin; Isabelle Matte; Marianne Boivin; Alain Piché; Claudine Rancourt
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-3-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Gynecologic oncology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1095-6859     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-3-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0365304     Medline TA:  Gynecol Oncol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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