Document Detail


MRI demonstrates a decrease in myocardial infarct healing and increase in compensatory ventricular hypertrophy following mechanical microvascular obstruction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24449356     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: To provide direct evidence that mechanical obstruction of microvessels inhibits infarct resorption (healing) and enhances left ventricular (LV) remodeling using MRI.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Animals (n = 20 pigs) served as controls (group I) or were subjected to either 90 min left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery occlusion/reperfusion (group II) or 90 min LAD occlusion/ microemboli delivery/reperfusion (group III). MRI (cine and delayed contrast enhanced MRI, DE-MRI) was performed at 3 days and 5 weeks after interventions and used for assessing LV function, mass, and extent of myocardial damage and microvascular obstruction (MVO) using semi-automated threshold method.
RESULTS: Persistent MVO in the core of contiguous infarct was larger and more frequent (n = 8/8) in group III than group II (4/8) on DE-MRI at 3 days. Furthermore, patchy microinfarct, as a result of microembolization, was visible as hyperenhanced zone at the borders of the contiguous infarct. The reduction in ejection fraction and increase in LV volumes on cine MRI were greater in group III than group II at 3 days and 5 weeks, which may be attributed to the slow infarct resorption, MVO extents and patchy microinfarct at the borders.
CONCLUSION: This MRI study illustrates the recently raised conjecture that MVO delays/inhibits infarct resorption (healing), accentuates LV hypertrophy and pathological remodeling. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Authors:
Hisham Z Bajwa; Loi Do; Mohammed Suhail; Steven W Hetts; Mark W Wilson; Maythem Saeed
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-1-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of magnetic resonance imaging : JMRI     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1522-2586     ISO Abbreviation:  J Magn Reson Imaging     Publication Date:  2014 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-1-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9105850     Medline TA:  J Magn Reson Imaging     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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