Document Detail


MRI, CT, SPECT, PET: their use in diagnosing dementia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1991619     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The differential diagnosis of the dementia syndrome may pose a difficult clinical problem, since the most common dementia, Alzheimer's disease (AD), is marked by normal laboratory tests. Neuroimaging has played an important role in evaluating the demented patient, and its uses are growing. Computed tomography (CT) is useful for excluding reversible and treatable causes of dementia, such as subdural hematoma and tumor. More recently, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has improved our ability to diagnose vascular disease and may show the presence of cerebral infarcts and white matter disease not visible on CT. Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and positron emission tomography (PET), techniques that visualize such cerebral functions as glucose metabolism and blood flow, may provide positive evidence supportive of the diagnosis of AD.
Authors:
W J Jagust; J L Eberling
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Geriatrics     Volume:  46     ISSN:  0016-867X     ISO Abbreviation:  Geriatrics     Publication Date:  1991 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-03-14     Completed Date:  1991-03-14     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985102R     Medline TA:  Geriatrics     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  28-35     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
University of California, Davis.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Alzheimer Disease / diagnosis
Dementia / diagnosis*
Diagnosis, Differential
Humans
Magnetic Resonance Imaging*
Tomography, Emission-Computed*
Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon*
Tomography, X-Ray Computed*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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