Document Detail

MR imaging of the yucatan pig head and neck vasculature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23348984     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE: To evaluate the cerebral venous drainage system of the swine as a probable model to test whether extracranial venous abnormalities may play a role in neurodegenerative diseases as reported recently in multiple sclerosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three Yucatan micropigs, 5 to 7 months old, were scanned with a comprehensive MRI protocol at 3 Tesla. The vascular anatomy of the head and neck was imaged using conventional and angiographic MR sequences. Phase-contrast MR images were collected at multiple levels of the neck and intracranial space to monitor flow. RESULTS: Three large cervical veins were observed; the external jugular vein draining the olfactory and gustatory tissues; the internal jugular vein (IJV) draining the cavernous sinus as well as surrounding soft tissues in the neck; and the ventral vertebral venous plexus (VVVP) surrounding the dural sac and paraspinal region. The majority of the cerebral blood flow in the pig appears to drain through the VVVP. Flow through the IJV comprised a nondominant component. Anastamoses were observed connecting the major veins of the neck bilaterally. CONCLUSION: The dominance of outflow from the brain to the VVVP may be analogous to the typical dominance of the IJVs in humans in the supine position. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2013;. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Charbel A Habib; David Utriainen; Jean Peduzzi-Nelson; Elizabeth Dawe; Janine Mattei; Zahid Latif; Kenneth Casey; E Mark Haacke
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of magnetic resonance imaging : JMRI     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1522-2586     ISO Abbreviation:  J Magn Reson Imaging     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9105850     Medline TA:  J Magn Reson Imaging     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, USA; Department of Radiology, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, USA.
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