Document Detail


MMPI profile predictors for successful and expired open heart surgery patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1249234     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A total of 31 patients (17 females, 14 males) who were scheduled for open heart surgery were administered an MMPI within 1 week prior to surgery. Of the 31 patients, 20 (13 females, 7 males) survived and 11 (4 females and 7 males) did not survive the operation. MMPI scale T-score comparisons were made within sex between survivors and nonsurvivors. Surviving and expired males did not differ on any MMPI scales, while expired females had much higher average scale 1 and 3 elevations than did their surviving counterparts (p less than .05). Subsequent comparisons of expired and surviving female patients with 1-3 profiles revealed that females with 1-3 profiles who expired had a higher average L scale T-score and a lower average scale 6 T-score (p less than .05). Cutting scores established to divide 1-3 female profiles into success and expired groups yielded two results: (1) an L scale T-score of 50 or above identified 100% of the expired females while it generated 40% false positives and no false negatives; and (2) a scale 6 T-score of 57 and below identified 100% of the expired females while it generated no false negatives and no false positives. These results are consistent with previous research and may be used to predict mortality for prospective female open heart surgery patients with implications for psychotherapeutic assistance prior to surgery to increase prospects for success.
Authors:
C V Lair; G D King
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical psychology     Volume:  32     ISSN:  0021-9762     ISO Abbreviation:  J Clin Psychol     Publication Date:  1976 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1976-04-10     Completed Date:  1976-04-10     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0217132     Medline TA:  J Clin Psychol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  51-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Cardiac Surgical Procedures / mortality*
Conversion Disorder / complications
Denial (Psychology)
False Positive Reactions
Female
Humans
MMPI*
Male
Personality*
Prognosis
Sex Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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