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MMP-2 expression by fibroblasts is suppressed by the myofibroblast phenotype.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22449415     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
During wound healing, fibroblasts transition from quiescence to a migratory state, then to a contractile myofibroblast state associated with wound closure. We found that the myofibroblast phenotype, characterized by the expression of high levels of contractile proteins, suppresses the expression of the pro-migratory gene, MMP-2. Fibroblasts cultured in a 3-D collagen lattice and allowed to develop tension showed increased contractile protein expression and decreased MMP-2 levels in comparison to a stress-released lattice. In 2-D cultures, factors that promote fibroblast contractility, including serum or TGF-β, down-regulated MMP-2. Pharmacologically inducing F-actin disassembly or reduced contractility increased MMP-2 expression, while conditions that promote F-actin assembly suppressed MMP-2 expression. In all cases, changes in MMP-2 levels were inversely related to changes in the contractile marker, smooth muscle α-actin. To determine if the mechanisms involved in contractile protein gene expression play a direct role in MMP-2 regulation, we used RNAi-mediated knock-down of the myocardin-like factors, MRTF-A and MRTF-B, which induced the down-regulation of contractile protein genes by fibroblasts under both serum-containing and serum-free conditions. In the presence of serum or TGF-β, MRTF-A/B knock-down resulted in the up-regulation of MMP-2; serum-free conditions prevented this increased expression. Together, these results indicate that, while MMP-2 expression is suppressed by F-actin formation, its up-regulation is not simply a consequence of contractile protein down-regulation.
Eric W Howard; Beverly J Crider; Dawn L Updike; Elizabeth C Bullen; Eileen E Parks; Carol J Haaksma; David M Sherry; James J Tomasek
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Experimental cell research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1090-2422     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0373226     Medline TA:  Exp Cell Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Cell Biology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA.
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