Document Detail

M-mode echocardiographic parameters and indices in the normal German shepherd dog.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17009513     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
M-mode echocardiographic measurements were made from 50 healthy German Shepherd dogs (30 males and 20 females). The dogs were awake and unsedated, in right lateral recumbent position. The following parameters were measured on the echocardiographic images: interventricular septal thickness at end-diastole (IVSd), interventricular septal thickness at end-systole (IVSs), left ventricular internal dimension at end-diastole (LVIDd), left ventricular internal dimension at end-systole (LVIDs), left ventricular posterior wall thickness at end-diastole (LVPWd), left ventricular posterior wall thickness at end-systole (LVPWs), left atrial dimension (LAD), aortic root dimension (AOD), left atrial to aortic root ratio (LAD/AOD), right ventricular internal dimension at end-diastole (RVID), amplitude of mitral valve excursion (DE amplitude), velocity of mitral valve opening (D-E slope), and velocity of mitral valve closure (E-F slope). Fractional shortening (FS) was also calculated. The effect of gender and age on each echocardiographic parameter was analyzed and the relationship between body weight (BW) and each parameter was also investigated. There was a significant relationship between gender and LVPW in systole and diastole and FS. Significant association was also found between BW and IVS, LVID, and LVPW in systole and diastole, FS, LAD, AOD, RVID, DE amplitude, and D-E slope of the mitral valve.
Abdullah Kayar; Remzi Gonul; Mehmet Erman Or; Abdulkadir Uysal
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Evaluation Studies; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Veterinary radiology & ultrasound : the official journal of the American College of Veterinary Radiology and the International Veterinary Radiology Association     Volume:  47     ISSN:  1058-8183     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet Radiol Ultrasound     Publication Date:    2006 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-10-02     Completed Date:  2006-10-19     Revised Date:  2006-11-07    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9209635     Medline TA:  Vet Radiol Ultrasound     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  482-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Istanbul University, Avciilar, Istanbul, Turkey.
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MeSH Terms
Dog Diseases / ultrasonography
Dogs / anatomy & histology*
Echocardiography / veterinary*
Heart / anatomy & histology*
Heart Diseases / ultrasonography,  veterinary
Predictive Value of Tests
Reference Values

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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